About the Department of Agriculture MeghalayaThe Department of Agriculture was created in 1882 as the Department of Agriculture, Assam. However on attaining statehood it was bifurcated and renamed as the Department of Agriculture, Meghalaya.
The Department of Agriculture, Meghalaya has been functioning as an integrated entity comprising the various spheres of development in Agriculture, Horticulture and Minor Irrigation. The mandate of the department is to bring about increased crop production and productivity. However, for effective administration in streamlining the developmental activities, the Directorate of Horticulture was created in 1995 and the Directorate of Irrigation in 2001. The three directorates were in operation within the same administrative control of the Department till the Dec 2010 where the Directorate of Irrigation was carved out as a Water Resources Department.
Vision of the DepartmentTo promote holistic, sustained and equitable intervention for attaining food security; conservation, management, protection and sustainable use of natural resources for improved livelihood; generating gainful rural employment opportunities to alleviate poverty and striving towards an overall balanced economic development of the farming community.
Mission of the DepartmentTo propagate modern agricultural production techniques and scientific methods of farming for increasing crop output; making our farmers self reliant and to accelerate the economic growth of the State.
Goals of the Department
- Attaining Food Security and Sustainable Growth by increasing production of food grains and improving productivity.
- Augment Farmer’s Income through growing of suitable horticultural crops
- Promote Commercial Agriculture through low volume high value crops
- Creation of need based Marketing Infrastructure including institutional support and supporting facilities
- Popularise Participatory Approach to agriculture management through watershed programmes and Self Help Groups at village level.
The Directorate provides Agricultural Extension services to farmers including transfer of the latest technical knowledge to the farming community. The introduction of high yielding varieties, field demonstrations, imparting training to farmers to improve skills & knowledge to boost up the agricultural production and productivity are other complementary functions.
The Directorate also assesses requirements of agriculture inputs well in advance and monitor timely supply of seeds, fertilizers and pesticides, implements, credit etc., to the farmers.
The Directorate performs the statutory functions under various acts and regulations (i.e., quality control) to ensure supply of quality inputs i.e., Seeds, Fertilizers and Pesticides to farmers. It also carries out certain other facilitating functions such as,
- Soil testing
- Watershed management
- Soil survey
- Credit assessment / arrangements
- Media production
- Training to farmers
- Arranging Plant protection campaigns/Diagnostic team visits whenever necessary
- Monitoring and evaluation
- Disaster management
- Crop insurance
- Agricultural mechanization
- Extending technical assistance to various agencies etc.
Organisational StructureThe Directorate of Agriculture is headed by the Director of Agriculture who is assisted by three (3) Joint Directors of Agriculture – Joint Director of Agriculture (Administration & Accounts), Joint Director of Agriculture (Research & Training) based in Shillong and Joint Director of Agriculture based in Tura. In the Directorate, the Director of Agriculture is also assisted by 7 (seven) Deputy Directors of Agriculture namely, Deputy Director of Agriculture (Agronomy), Deputy Director of Agriculture (Plant Protection), Deputy Director of Agriculture (Planning), State Soil Survey Officer, Agriculture Executive Engineer (Mechanical), Monitoring & Evaluation Officer and Agriculture Census Officer.
At the District level, there are 7 (seven) District Agriculture Officers - one for each district in the State. The District Officers are assisted in the field by the Sub-Divisional Agriculture Officers (11), Research Officers(3), Subject Matter Specialists (16), ADO’s(7), Farm Supervisor (1), Assistant Directors (3), ADO’s (5), Scientific Officers (19) including Field Assistants and Agricultural Demonstrators.
At the Sub-Divisional level, there are 11 (Eleven) Sub-Divisional Agriculture Officers who are assisted by the Agriculture Development Officers, ADO (Headquarter) (15), ADO (Circles) (16) and the Agricultural Demonstrators.
At the Block level, there are 39 (thirty nine) Agriculture Development Officers who are assisted by the Gram Sevaks of the Community & Rural Development Department.